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  • 20. June 2024

    There has been quite a development recently in the ferrochrome market, specifically after Merafe Resources has officially announced discontinuation of publishing its European Quarterly FeCr Benchmark (EQB). This was one of the leading indicators for FeCr market in Europe and globally for decades. Now understanding supply/demand balance as well as market dynamics has become [...]

  • 21. March 2023

    Ferrochrome market in the first 2 months of 2023 showed considerable prices gain. Despite dropping from the peak prices achieved in Q2 2022, current price level still remains above levels of 2019-2021. Some of the chrome related products showed growth since the start of the 2023 driven by supply disruptions, stronger demand from stainless [...]

  • 13. February 2023

    Alloys and some metals, including ferrochrome have many varieties to consider during market negotiations. Different grades and subgrades, puzzling indexes and definitions make price discovery challenging. Recent electricity cost volatility and CO2 footprint management objectives added more parameters. Complexity of the market makes long-term sustainable business development difficult. Uniform standardization can blur the individual [...]

  • 22. December 2022

    After record breaking price surge for major commodities in 2021/early 2022, second half of 2022 became a “price correction” period. Major commodities (copper, aluminum, zinc, tin, lead) either returned to price level of beginning of 2021 (pre surge), or dropped significantly (nickel) to more reasonable levels. A year ago, we discussed that all chrome [...]

  • 24. October 2022

    Chromium and its alloys – market development through 2022 volatile recovery to sustainable future growth

  • 21. September 2022

    Ferrochrome market continues to show unprecedented divergences at its inter-regional level, combined with some of even greater disproportions within each region between grades usually close in their values and semi-fungible in their usage. For example: the same grade inter-regionally, the price of refined FeCr is two times higher in EU/USA than in China. Across [...]

  • 30. June 2022

    Ferrochrome and Ferroalloys market development through volatile 2022 and beyond

  • 18. February 2022

    During 2021 global FeCr prices rose to the record levels (last seen in 2008), led in H1 2021 by China and followed quickly by the market in the RoW. By the end of H2 a risk of market correction became visible. In China FeCr prices, indeed corrected. After Ferrochrome Bidding Prices in China reached their [...]

  • 23. December 2021

    Same time last year chrome market was in the middle of uncertainty going forward into 2021, 2021 “No Desperado” or “Quizas, Quizas, Quizas” (Part 2), while other commodities such as nickel, copper and iron ore had already returned to price levels last seen 7-8 years ago. In fact, in 2021 ferrochrome market performed significantly better [...]

  • 11. November 2021

    Ferroalloys market continues its rollercoaster: market started to gain steam since Q1 2021, which extended through Q2/Q3, while prices for some of alloys such as ferrochrome reached levels not seen since 2008 by now, after a subpar and highly depressed 2019-2020. Despite such strong movement, the market issues remain in place, with prices of similar [...]

  • 20. September 2021

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the 6th CIS Ferroalloys Conference in Tbilisi, Georgia on September 16-17, 2021 World Ferrochrome and Ferroalloys market, export duties, and global market volatility (English version)

  • 6. May 2021

    With the price surge for copper, nickel, iron ore and aluminium, there is concern that it is partially driven by speculation, especially with the recent forecast that copper could break 20,000 $/t soon, and that this could be a new price bubble. While there is a speculative aspect common for any market by its nature [...]

  • 18. February 2021

    Let us imagine for a moment that commodities are priced in Bitcoins* - we would be witnessing commodities hitting some of the lowest price levels, and panic/uncertainty spreading over the market: Luckily for the people involved in commodity industries, commodities are still priced in FIAT currencies (mainly in USD), and right now are experiencing a [...]

  • 20. January 2021

    Ferrochrome market have started 2021 with a rapid increase in prices for ferrochrome related products around the globe, by around 10% on average across the major products. The current price surge is the result of robust demand from different sectors, including construction and infrastructure renewal fueled by economic stimulus packages from major economies. Combined with [...]

  • 23. December 2020

    By the end of 2020, ferrochrome market is starting to pick up slowly from the multi-year lows. We expected this improvement to start earlier, but slow economic recovery ex-China, also dragged down stainless-steel production and demand (around 3% growth in China vs 13% drop elsewhere according to SMR). As the result ferrochrome prices after slight [...]

  • 7. August 2020

    The latest Tender Prices from major stainless-steel mills in China have been announced: Tsingshan’s Bidding Price for August stands at 5,997 RMB/t, which corresponds to 69.24 US cents/lb (at 6.9536 exchange rate) Baosteel’s Bidding Price for August stands at 6,000 RMB/t, which corresponds to 69.27 US cents/lb (at 6.9536 exchange rate) TISCO’s price has not [...]

  • 26. June 2020

    Q2 2020 for the ferrochrome industry has been a two-sided event. On one side the supply from major producers has been severely limited, due to shutdowns and lockdowns in South Africa, India and Zimbabwe, combined with reaction to major production cuts in the ferrochrome industry at the end of 2019, beginning of 2020 and improved [...]

  • 5. June 2020

    The graph below shows that some countries have experienced severe depreciation of national currencies since the beginning of 2019. The Brazilian Real has been the worst performing currency among developing economies falling about 32%. Over the last 4 years Brazil maintained a 3% share in refined FeCr trade, totaling 11,000 tonnes, with barely any presence [...]

  • 28. May 2020

    In light of recent news from India and South Africa, the Bidding Price for June from Tsingshan and Baosteel stainless-steel producers in China increased by another 500 RMB/t, compared to May (250 RMB/t). Tsingshan’s Bidding Price for June stands at 6,397 RMB/t, which corresponds to 72.13 US cents/lb (at 7.1196 exchange rate) Baosteel’s Bidding Price [...]

  • 12. March 2020

    The current economic situation continues to affect the FeCr market. This is a combination of oversupply of chromium ore, outbreak consequences, and global financial markets volatility massive risk-off. Even before the latest negative factors came onto play this year, the Cr industry situation in 2019 was already adverse. Recently RSA announced that its GDP contracted [...]

  • 20. February 2020

    Over the last few days TSS, TISCO and Baosteel announced their Bidding price rollover for February: TSS price stands at 5797 RMB/t, in US denomination this equals to 66.69 cents per lb of Cr TISCO price stands at 5600 RMB/t, in US denomination this equals to 64.26 cents per lb of Cr Baosteel price [...]

  • 13. January 2020

    During the last week of 2019, major Stainless-steel mills in China have announced their bidding prices and as anticipated before these prices decreased: Tsingshan lowered its bidding price by 200 RMB, settling at 5797 RMB/t, while in USD denomination this equals to 0.66 USD/lb Baosteel lowered its bidding price by 200 RMB, settling at 5800 RMB/t, [...]

  • 7. December 2019

    Recently, major Stainless-steel mills in China have announced their bidding prices: Both Baosteel and Tsingshan decreased their prices by approximately 400 RMB/t, settling at 6,000 and 5,997 RMB/t respectively TISCO on the other hand, continues to keep its Bidding Price at 6,500 RMB/t due to its switch to quarterly pricing, remaining the premium buyer In [...]

  • 5. November 2019

    Over the month of October, the ferrochrome industry was puzzled by disaccord in bidding prices and terms from major consumers in China. TISCO was the first to announce their bidding price for October with a sharp increase of 400RMB and changing the term of validity from one month to a quarter. This could be [...]

  • 23. September 2019

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the CIS Ferroalloys Conference in Istanbul on September 19-20, 2019

  • 31. August 2019

    With the summer end, slowdown is starting to ease up. Despite positive market news such as nickel price surge (around 32% since the beginning of July), the overall sentiment of the market is cautious and calculated due to still ongoing risks such as low demand, slowing EU economy, ongoing trade wars. Last month, major [...]

  • 18. June 2019

    Last week Merafe released Q3 2019 European Benchmark, which now stands at 1.04 USD/lb, a drop of 13% from 1.20 USD/lb in Q2. Despite a big drop, it falls in line with the current decrease in CIF Shanghai, one of the main indicators of the price movement. From the graph below, one can see [...]

  • 31. May 2019

    TISCO and Tsingshan just announced their June Tender Prices, the drop of 350 RMB/t (6550 RMB/t and 6746 RMB/t respectively). This moves Tender prices to lowest level since May 2018. The most likely scenario for Q3 European Benchmark now is to return to the level of Q1, but there is a possibility that the drop [...]

  • 23. March 2019

    China Tender Price increase for April 2019 As anticipated earlier, April bidding prices were announced at 300 rmb/mt above March level yesterday. Although it is reported marginal in some newsletters, in fact this is a 4% increase in price including VAT, meaning a 7.1% increase of actual price ex VAT, which is quite significant for one month upside. This [...]

  • 20. March 2019

    A Step towards the Right Direction The Q2 2019 European Benchmark has just been settled at 1.20 USD/lb, an increase of 7.1%. The announcement came ahead of Chinese ferrochrome bidding prices for April, thus making the European Benchmark the leading indicator for the ferrochrome market this time. Some market participants see this increase being on the [...]

  • 18. March 2019

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the 20th Asian Ferroalloys Conference in Hong Kong on March 10-12, 2019

  • 8. March 2019

    Recently, major stainless-steel mills in China have announced their ferrochrome bidding prices for March deliveries. Just like in October, TISCO was the first mill to release the price, possibly to seize the market and hedge itself from sudden price surges. TISCO rolled the price over at 6,650 RMB/t On the other hand, this time [...]

  • 5. March 2019

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the Argus Metals Week in London on March 1, 2019

  • 10. January 2019

    Recently some of the ferrochrome market participants suggested that international ferrochrome prices should be based on the Chinese Tender Prices. Over the last couple of years, the bidding price in China has become an important part for the global FeCr industry and markets started to follow each other and correlate. Despite that, using domestic [...]

  • 17. December 2018

    The end of December is approaching, and the ferrochrome industry is preparing for the Q1 European Benchmark announcement. With the current price downturn in all the major markets, it seems reasonable that the benchmark price will go down, the question is by how much? There are three major prices whose dynamics should be considered [...]

  • 20. November 2018

    1. ESKOM has been in denial about coal cliff ESKOM is now running short on the coal stocks at the major powerplants. According to South African news sources and, some of the plants have around 10 days of stockpiles, while the minimum required is at least 20 days. ESKOM has warned that the possibility of [...]

  • 25. October 2018

    Eskom wants to increase electricity prices by 15% This is a continues issue that plagues South Africa, despite recent price hike, Eskom still wants to increase it, 15% annually for the next 3 years Price hikes coupled with shortages of electricity and blackouts is one of the main reasons why big portion of South African [...]

  • 1. October 2018

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the North American Ferroalloys Conference in Chicago on September 26-28, 2018

  • 5. September 2018

    If you see a mouse under the inscription of an elephant, do not believe your eyes! EU Benchmark vs CIF China South African FeCr price The above graph represents one of the most puzzling aspects of the ferrochrome industry. The chart shows the gap between European Quarterly Benchmark and CIF China South [...]

  • 26. July 2018

    The trade tension between China and the USA is gearing up on the daily basis. Recently United States announced that it will implement a 10% duty on all the ferroalloys imported from China. Despite the fact that China is a minor player in the US market, the news immediately created negative sentiment within ferroalloys industry [...]

  • 28. June 2018

    Let’s look at the latest announcement of 700rmb/mt increase for July of ferrochrome bidding price by biggest stainless producer in China. This is widely regarded as the result of the environmental shutdowns in local ferrochrome industry combined with the demand fueled by the monetary easing measures. Restarted by financial authorities in April by decreasing of [...]

  • 18. June 2018

    Currently, the ferrochrome prices have started rising due to potential environmental cutbacks, which are currently being implemented in China. Nevertheless, the effect from the cutbacks will not last long. As discussed, modest increase in China tender prices from May to June (200 RMB/t) was a positive sign. It was based on the actual fundamental [...]

  • 6. June 2018

    As we expressed in our last column, the necessity for FeCr China Tender prices to break 7,000 RMB/t is apparent. Following the latest announcements by stainless-steel mill in China, it is safe to assume that this price is now a new support level. Despite the modest increase of 200 RMB/t, we view it as a [...]

  • 15. May 2018

    With the first half of 2018 almost over, we would like to point out couple of observations which we believe are important for the market in the nearest future. China Tender prices recently have been decreasing over the last three months. Although the current drop is much steadier than last year, now it seems [...]

  • 30. April 2018

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the ICDA Members’ Meeting in Paris on April 24-26, 2018

  • 6. April 2018

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the 19th Asian Ferroalloys Conference in Hong Kong on March 20-22, 2018

  • 25. February 2018

    While China is enjoying its annul festivities, South Africa has become a center of attention for the ferrochrome and metals industry. The interest is primarily due to the country’s political change, the election of the new president and rapid strengthening of the Rand. Over the last couple of months, South African Rand (ZAR) has [...]

  • 25. January 2018

    For the second consecutive month, stainless steel producers in China increased their ferrochrome tender prices by 600 RMB/mt, apparently the fundamentals support our expectations. Although this is an increase of 8%, we expect more growth towards the end of the quarter. On top of the reasons discussed in the previous posts there is additional strong reason for [...]

  • 16. January 2018

    With 2018 being only two weeks old, some positive news seems to come. That will hopefully be a positive sign for the 2018 in the Chrome industry. There are indeed some positive indications: High Carbon ferrochrome spot prices continue to rise in China and Japan. Despite holidays and slow trading, the prices are on the [...]

  • 28. December 2017

    Some positive news are coming this week between Christmas and New Year. As we expected in UNICHROME, major stainless-steel producers in China have announced increase in their tender prices. It is up by 200 RMB/T. We think this is a move in right direction and we believe that Q1 2018 tender prices will continue to rise. [...]

  • 14. December 2017

    Recently, there has been quite a bit of a dynamic development on supply / demand and, obviously, prices for some of Ferroalloys. Let’s take FeSi and some other products like electrodes as an example, which have recently exploded. Seems, ‘security of raw material supply’ has a chance to be the-phrase-of-the-year after a decade of the [...]

  • 29. November 2017

    Once again, the market is hit by a downward direction right before the end of the year. Chinese tender prices have dropped around 16-17% over the last three months. Still that drop is less than what the market experienced in the first half of the year. What is different? — The overall market conditions. Stainless [...]

  • 21. November 2017

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the 33rd Ferroalloys Conference in Lisbon, Portugal on November 19-21, 2017 Chrome: Today’s Market Reality & Other Topics in the Agenda

  • 3. November 2017

    This quarter once has again shown that the market is under the shadow of uncertainty of where the demand from China will go The EU Benchmark for Q4 jumped 26% from Q3, following China tender prices strong behavior during Q3, while in China itself tender has changed the trend down both in October and November. [...]

  • 25. September 2017

    UNICHROME AG presentation at the 3rd CIS Ferroalloys Conference in Tbilisi, Georgia on September 21-22, 2017 Challenges of global chrome alloys market & CIS suppliers' position in terms of consolidation (English version) Вызовы глобального рынка хромовых сплавов, позиция поставщиков из СНГ в условиях консолидации (Russian version)

  • 13. September 2017

    This presentation was made at the North American Ferroalloys Conference (USA, Chicago, September 6–8, 2017) by UNICHROME AG. Please follow the link to read full text. A few reflections on UNICHROME presentation at AMM Conference in Chicago: published at In the Right Vein by Alan Patrick Ryan. Dmitry Pastor’s view of chrome Let’s talk [...]

  • 22. August 2017

    This is to follow up the previous view regarding the market development in the first half of 2017 made in the end of June. It is worth to stress out that the main conclusion was that the price fall in China in May – June 2017 was overdone, looked artificial and should rebound by Q4 [...]

  • 29. June 2017

    The Cr market, in particular Cr ore and HC FeCr, started the year 2017 at record high since 2008 price levels. The main reason for this was a combination of robust demand from stainless steel industry with the slowing Cr contained raw material production affected by extremely low-price level pressure through the most of 2016. [...]