Ferroalloys are alloys of iron containing a significant proportion of one or more other elements like silicon, manganese, chromium, aluminum, or titanium. Ferroalloys include ferrochrome, ferrosilicon, ferromanganese, silicomanganese, silicochromium and other alloys. The main applications of ferroalloys occur in the steelmaking process.
High carbon ferrochrome is one of the most common ferroalloys produced and is almost exclusively used in the production of stainless steel and high chromium steels.
Low Carbon Ferrochrome is a ferroalloy used to regulate the ratio of chromium in steel production without carbon and other unwanted ingredients. Due to high quality, it is a reliable and economical alternative instead of metallic chromium in Superalloy production.
Ferrosilicon is an alloy of iron and silicon with a very variable silicon content between 10% and 90%. It is used as a so-called master alloy in steel production, which is added in small amounts in order to adjust the properties of the melt, the cooling process and the finished product.
Chromium Ore is used as a raw material for the production of chrome-containing alloys as well as a refractory in the production of steel, glass and cement.
Manganese Ore is used as a raw material for the production of manganese-containing alloys, such as silicomanganese and ferromanganese as well as directly for iron and steel manufacturing.
Base metals are any nonferrous metals that are neither precious metals nor noble metals. The most common base metals are copper, lead, nickel, tin, aluminum, and zinc. They are all used in a wide variety of applications.
Aluminum is used in a wide variety of products including: cans, foils, kitchen utensils, window frames, and airplane parts.
Nickel is used in variety of production, including EV batteries and stainless-steel.
Zinc is used to produce die-castings, which are important in the automobile, electrical and hardware industries.
Minor metals are defined as metals that are by-products of other metals. They usually have a relatively low annual production volume, compared to base metals, and are used in a very specialist and high technology applications.
Cobalt is used in many alloys & super alloys to make parts in aircraft engines, gas turbine, high-speed steels, corrosion resistant alloys, cemented carbides. On a global basis, the leading use of cobalt is in rechargeable battery electrodes.
It is used in steel alloys to increase strength, hardness, electrical conductivity and resistance to corrosion and wear. These ‘moly steel’ alloys are used in parts of engines. Other alloys are used in heating elements, drills and saw blades.